“ Placuit Ostiam petere, amoenissimam civitatem... We decided to go to Ostia, a very pleasant city..." (Minucio Felice Octavius).
We will take a 3 hour walk through the Roman ruins of this old city, called “a small Pompeii” and a few kilometers from Rome.
Its history, rich and fascinating, is witnessed today by the countless monuments that are worth visiting because in excellent condition.
The first settlement of Ostia dates back to the beginning of the 4th century BC. Only at the end of that century was built a stronghold military (castrum). This castrum was surrounded by strong walls of tuff and its main road axes: the Cardus and the Decumano. This military camp, called Ostia by the Latin word Ostium meaning “mouth of the river“, was established at a distance of about 16 miles from Rome, as a military outpost to control not only access to the Tiber but above all to defend Rome.
The city was therefore surrounded by a new circle of walls that is traditionally attributed to the times of Silla. The walls circumscribed an urban area of about 50 hectares that could be accessed through three main gates: Porta Romana, Porta Laurentina and Porta Marina.
In the imperial age, Ostia became the granary of the capital and the point of arrival of trade with Africa and the East.
After the collapse of the Empire, the city fell into decline and was abandoned. This is why it has remained wonderfully intact and magnificently preserved for centuries until today.
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